Public health surveillance (PHS) is a critical, core set of health system functions for efficient, effective infectious, non-communicable disease (NCD), and injury prevention and control. Public health professionals must have information from PHS about the parameters of disease or injury occurrence to design, develop, and implement prevention and control programs. Transforming Public Health Surveillance (TPHS) provides a thorough review of PHS history, purposes, activities, uses, elements, data sources, models, analyses, actions, reports, evaluation, and ethical and legal issues.
TPHS helps students understand the critical importance of the direct association between PHS and public health action plus develop skills and competencies with the use of data-information-messages and the information and communication technologies (ICT) that enable, enhance, and empower them. TPHS teaches concepts from developed and underserved, under-resourced countries and introduces lessons learned in international health crises to construct a framework of thought that provides an efficient, effective, and equitable global prevention, detection, and response. TPHS describes enriched collaboration among military, clinical practice, societies, communities, and governmental and non-governmental organizations and discuss challenges and opportunities. It describes informatics approaches to enable and enhance data sharing, analytics, and visualization though interoperability that adapts to meet the challenges as PHS moves from analog to digital. Participants examine the challenges of modern PHS and discuss potential solutions, actions, and ideas to move forward.
TPHS defines current movements (i.e., governance, collaboration, information and communication technology [ICT], analytic tools and techniques, and new data sources) that influence the future of PHS in the 21st century and illustrates opportunities provided by these movements – combined with a renewed workforce – to transform PHS. It demonstrates how PHS core functions (i.e., detection, registration, confirmation, analysis, feedback, communication, and response) will be enabled, enhanced, and empowered by these opportunities. This course teaches advanced concepts, principles, and practices and includes new types of PHS (e.g., participatory and predictive); requirements for data sharing and interoperability; advanced analytics; and new data sources.